1-Definition and causes
It is inflammation of the bladder,characterized by frequent and painful urination.
It is caused by bacterial infection,injuries to the urethra during coitus or calculus,faulty catheterization and also after calving .It may be secondary to vaginitis or endometritis.
2- Clinical findings
Frequent and painful urination and passage of small amount of urine.
Arched back and fits of colic in acute cases. Retention of urine may occur if urethra becomes blocked with pus or blood .
Painful palpation of the bladder.
3-Line of treatment